A lost city is a city that became uninhabited and its location has been forgotten. The search for such lost cities fascinated explorers and adventurers since the 15th century and led to the development of archaeology! A lost city should not be confused with ghost towns – cities that were recently abandoned due to different circumstances and their location is well known

1. Machu Picchu, Peru

Machu Picchu, also known as “the Lost City of the Incas” is the most famous Inca site in the world. It is a 15th century site located on a mountain 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level, some 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Cusco. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti. Machu Picchu is the most visited tourist attraction in Peru